Rowe Equine Dental Services
A mobile equine dental service provided by Rowe Equine and carried out by Kate Metcalf BSc(Hons) Equine Dental Science.
• Providing high quality dental care for all your horses, ponies and donkeys
• Experienced with all types of horses from all disciplines
• Working closely with specialist vets for dental referrals
• Works alongside, and in consultation with, your own vet or Rowe Equine where necessary
• All welcome, even if you are not a client of Rowe Equine vets
• Emergency veterinary back-up always available
The service includes:
• Initial consultation
• Full facial and oral examination
• Use of specialist dental power tools
• Aftercare advice
• Dental chart
1 – 2 horses £52 each
3 – 4 horses £46 each
5 – 9 horses £42 each (Special Offer)
10+ horses £36 each (Special Offer)
Prices include VAT. Prices are current as at 1st March 2017. Rowe Equine reserves the right to amend prices. To qualify for the multiple prices, the horses must be at the same location and treated on the same day.
Why Equine Dentistry?
Horses teeth are hypsodont meaning their teeth continually erupt throughout their lifetime and are gradually worn down through eating. The upper molars are large and sit slightly further apart than the lower molars. As the horse chews the teeth wear and sharp edges are left on the outside of the upper teeth by the cheeks and the inside of the lower teeth by the tongue. Through domestication the animal has been taken from its natural habitat where it would be grazing for 16+ hours per day on very coarse forage, travelling great distances to find food. We have now stabled and restricted their ability to roam, changing the type of forage available to them. Horses teeth are designed to withstand constant attrition and are able to break down tough and fibrous forage. We now provide our horses with softer grasses and feed that requires a decreased time spent chewing. This leads to sharp enamel points and an increase in dental overgrowths that can affect the horse performance and health if left untreated.
Signs your horse could have a dental problem?
· Quidding (balling up partially chewed hay and spitting it out)
· Dropping hard feed or dribbling while eating
· Unsteadiness in the rein contact, stiffness to one side, rearing
· Head shyness / shaking
· Foul breath
Common Equine Dental Conditions
Sharp Enamel Points These are the most common pathology found in the mouth. They naturally develop overtime due to the angle of the teeth and the teeth continually erupting throughout thehorses’ lifetime. If left untreated they will often cause painful sores, ulcers and lacerations to the cheeks and tongue, because of this it is important for regular check-ups.
Excessive Transverse Ridges (ETR) The horse has naturally occurring transverse ridges across the surface of the teeth, these are important to enable the horse to chew food efficiently into a smaller digestible size. If these ridges become too dominant they can restrict the lateral movement of the jaw decreasing the efficiency of mastication. ETR can often be caused by a decrease in forage and increase in concentrate and/or restricted food intake.
Hooks and Ramps These are overgrowths often caused by misalignments of the molar arcades, commonly the result of an under-bite or over-bite of the incisors. Where the teeth are not fully
opposing, the part of the tooth which is not in any contact will erupt and get more pronounced. This will inhibit the natural movement of the jaw.
Diastemata Diastemata are gaps between the teeth and can vary in severity depending on the size of the gap. They are prone to food impactions, which will cause the food to ferment
overtime resulting in a bacterial infection, this can progress to periodontal pocketing and gum recession. Diastemata can be extremely painful and can lead to quidding and bad
breath. They can often be a persistent condition and will require ongoing monitoring and a good treatment plan.
Caries Teeth can become rotten or infected due to trauma, abnormal wear over a long period of time or old age. Chronic infection of the teeth can lead to general health problems,
decayed upper cheek teeth can also cause infections of the sinus cavities (Sinusitis) where the tooth root sits. Horses on a high carbohydrate (sugars) diet are thought to have a
higher incidence of caries and areas of dental trauma such as fractures seem to be associated with caries.
Overbite Or commonly referred to as a ‘parrot mouth’. This is not an uncommon problem, and is where the upper incisors protrude too far forward in relation to the lower incisors. It is
also common to find large upper rostral hooks on the first premolar, and large lower caudal hooks on the last molar arcades. In most cases a procedure known as an “incisor
reduction” and corrective floating, is performed to restore anterior-posterior movement of the jaw, and to reduce pressure that this exerts on the Tempro-mandibular joint.
Underbite Commonly referred to as a “sow mouth” this is a fairly rare abnormality, and is where the lower incisors protrude too far forward in relation to the upper incisors. Again it is
important that this condition is managed on a regular basis.